According to the World Health Organization, Hunger and malnutrition are rampant among refugees and displaced populations, representing currently around 40 million people worldwide, many of whom – infants, children, adolescents, adults and older people – suffer from one or more of the multiple forms of malnutrition.

Besides wasting, deficiencies of iodine, vitamin A and iron are common in emergency-affected populations. In addition, scurvy, pellagra, and beriberi frequently occur in populations entirely dependent on food aid. The levels of risk of malnutrition in emergencies depend on factors such as the degree of civil security, food availability and accessibility, access to health services, and adequacy of assistance delivery.

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